Maundy Thursday, Good Friday, Holy Saturday – The Sacred Triduum

The Church and I invite you to join with us during the three holiest days in the year.

It is in these three days, called the Easter or Sacred Triduum, that Jesus’ complete self-giving is once again represented for us; His people chosen by Baptism. Three days of life-giving self-sacrifice which result in life-giving resurrection.

In a certain way it is a dress rehearsal for us, because as Jesus suffered and died before He returned to the Father, we may well be called upon to suffer in some way prior to our death. Jesus, of course, shows us how to do that well.

I pray that these three days, Maundy Thursday, Good Friday and Easter Sunday will open to us the Spirit’s action in our lives and also help us prepare for that most important day when we will stand before our heavenly Father too.

Following is a synopsis of what these three days are for us in our Anglican tradition and an overview of the ritual and the meaning of these life-giving days.

Maundy Thursday

Holy Thursday is also known as “Maundy Thursday.” The word maundy comes from the Latin word mandatum (commandment) which is the first word of the Gospel acclamation: “I give you a new commandment: Love one another as I have loved you.” (John 13:34)

These are the words spoken by our Lord to His apostles at the Last Supper, after he completed the washing of the feet. That is why we imitate Christ’s humility in the washing of the feet.

By meditating on the Gospels (cf. Matt 26:1 ff.; Mark 14:1 ff.; Luke 22:1 ff.; John 13:1 ff.), we can recall to mind Jesus’ actions of that day.

The events of that first Maundy Thursday, when Jesus and his disciples were in the upper room, are summarized as follows:

They include: (1) the eating of the Easter lamb or the paschal meal; (2) the washing of the disciple’s feet; (3) the institution of the Most Holy Eucharist (the first of which Jesus Christ, the eternal high priest, is the celebrant; the first Communion of the apostles; the first conferring of Holy Orders); (4) the foretelling of Judas’ betrayal and Peter’s denials; (5) the farewell discourse and priestly prayer of Jesus; (6) the agony and capture of Jesus in the Garden of Olives

The Eucharist of the Lord’s Supper

In the evening of Maundy Thursday, the Eucharist of the Lord’s Supper is celebrated. It is celebrated in the evening because the Passover began at sundown. There is only one Eucharist, at which the whole community and priests of the parish are asked to participate. This is very joyful, as we recall the institution of the Holy Eucharist and the priesthood. The priests wear white vestments, the altar is filled with flowers, the Gloria is sung and the bells are rung. After the Gloria, bells fall silent until the Easter Vigil. The Liturgy of the Eucharist recalls the Passover, the Last Supper, which includes the Washing of the Feet. The hymn Ubi Caritas or Where Charity and Love Prevail is usually sung at this time. After the Communion Prayer, there is no final blessing. The Holy Eucharist is carried in procession through Church and then transferred into a place of reposition, which for  St. Mary Magdalene in Geddington is in the Lady Chapel.

After the Eucharist, we recall the Agony in the Garden, and the arrest and imprisonment of Jesus. The altar is stripped as is the entire church and crosses are removed or covered. This is called the Stripping of the Sanctuary. The Eucharist has been placed in an altar of repose, and our parish will be open for silent adoration in the Lady Chapel, to answer Christ’s invitation “Could you not, then, watch one hour with me?” (Matt 26:40)

The Altar of Repose

When the Eucharist is carried to the altar of repose in the Lady Chapel after the service of the Eucharist, we should remain in quiet prayer and adoration, worshipping Christ.

Anglican piety is particularly responsive to the adoration of Jesus in the Most Blessed Sacrament after the service of the Eucharist.

What can we do during adoration? It is a reverent and austere solemn reservation of the Body of Christ for the community of the faithful which takes part in the liturgy of Good Friday and for the viaticum of the infirmed. It is also a welcome invitation to silent and prolonged adoration of the wondrous sacrament instituted by Jesus on this day.

By midnight on Maundy Thursday, the adoration should conclude. At midnight the day of the Lord’s Passion has already begun.

Washing of Feet

As a symbol of humility and, standing in persona Christi, the priest midway through the service of the Eucharist, will take off his chasuble (the outer garment) and wash the feet of 12 people in imitation of Jesus’ service to his apostles and the church. (John 13:1 – 17).

 Good Friday

“It is accomplished; and bowing his head he gave up his spirit.”

On Good Friday the whole Church mourns the death of our Saviour. This is traditionally a day of sadness, spent in fasting and prayer. In some traditions this is an obligatory day of fasting and abstinence.

Liturgy

According to the Church’s ancient tradition, the sacraments are not celebrated on Good Friday nor Holy Saturday. The “Celebration of the Lord’s Passion,” is celebrated.  The Stations of the Cross will be celebrated in Geddington as we carry the cross through the streets. Each stop becomes a station when we reflect upon the journey to the cross.

The Liturgy of the Passion of the Lord

The altar is completely bare, with no cloths, candles or cross. The service is divided into three parts:

  1. Liturgy of the Word
  2. Veneration of the Cross
  3. Holy Communion. The priest and deacons minimal red vestments. The liturgy starts with the priests and deacons going to the altar in silence and prostrating themselves for a few moments in silent prayer (as an act of humility).

An introductory prayer is prayed. In part one, the Liturgy of the Word, we hear the most famous of the Suffering Servant passages from Isaiah (52:13-53:12), a prefigurement of Christ on Good Friday. Psalm 31 is the Responsorial Psalm “Father, into your hands I commend my spirit.” The Second Reading, or Epistle, is from the letter to the Hebrews, 4:14-16; 5:7-9. The Gospel Reading is the Passion of St. John.

The General Intercessions conclude the Liturgy of the Word. The ten intercessions cover these areas:

For the Church
For bishops, priests and members of religious communities
For all holy orders and the faithful
For those preparing for baptism
For the unity of Christians
For the Jewish people
For those who do not believe in Christ
For those who do not believe in God
For all in public office
For those in tribulation

Veneration of the Cross

A cross is venerated by the congregation. We joyfully venerate and kiss or show some other sign of reverence to the wooden cross “on which hung the Saviour of the world.” During this time the “Reproaches” are usually sung or recited.

Holy Communion

Holy Communion concludes the Celebration of the Lord’s Passion. The altar is covered with a cloth and the ciboriums containing the Blessed Sacrament are brought to the altar from the place of reposition – the Lady Chapel.  The Our Father and the Lamb of God are prayed. After the congregation receives Holy Communion, a Prayer after Communion, and a prayer over the people, is prayed and everyone departs in silence.

Activities

This is a day of mourning. We should try to take time off from work and activities such as T.V., computers, video games, music, sports, etc. to participate in the devotions and liturgy of the day as much as possible.

Holy Saturday

On Holy Saturday the Church waits at the Lord’s tomb, meditating on his suffering and death. The altar is left bare, and the sacrifice of the Eucharist is not celebrated. Only after the solemn vigil during the night, held in anticipation of the resurrection, does the Easter celebration begin, with a spirit of joy that overflows into the following period of fifty days.

Holy Saturday

Holy Saturday is sacred. The day is and should be calm and quiet, a day broken by no liturgical function. Christ lies in the grave, the Church sits near and mourns. Cleaning the church may be a practical thing to do, but this should only happen after Matins is said publicly so that the desolation of the day, a day when Christ is dead and descending to hell, is properly observed.

There are no other liturgies celebrated during the day.

The Easter Vigil will be celebrated at St Mary Magdalene beginning at 6.30 p.m.

The Easter Vigil begins with the blessing of the Easter fire (representing Jesus as the light of the world rising from the dead to dispel the powers of sin and darkness) and the preparation of the Easter candle (which represents Jesus).

The Church will be in darkness and every member the congregation will hold an individual candle. The Easter candle will be brought in procession and three times Fr Rob will chant “the light of Christ” and the congregation will respond “thanks be to God.”

There will be many readings outlining the story of God’s interaction with creation and the salvation of the world.

Candles in the church will be lit

Father Clark will sing the Easter proclamation (the Exsultet).

At the front the lights will be turned on

Following these readings will be the blessing of the Easter water and the renewal of baptismal vows or Rite of Reception for those joining the Church. The celebration of the Eucharist follows.

Easter Sunday

Easter Sunday is the most solemn day in the church’s liturgical year celebrating the resurrection of Jesus Christ from the dead. It is a time of joy and celebration for all of us. And so we celebrate the joyous Eucharist of the year. Jesus is risen from the dead – Alleluia! And we recognise him in the breaking of bread – Alleluia!